The following is the 1997 publication presented by the Drug Enforcement Administration: It is printed in green ink on a sheet of paper 8 1/2" x 17", folded four times to complete the brochure. I will number the pages 1-8, each indicating a fold in the paper. The errors you will find in wording and misspelling are exactly as published in this document!!!
Page 1) Title Page Marijuana Update '97 A picture of a five pointed cannabis leaf encircled in the "not" symbol. A picture of the U.S. Department of Justice Logo, with the Drug Enforcement Administration closing the emblem.
DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON, DC, 20537 202-307-7936
Page 2) MARIJUANA UPDATE
Marijuana causes mental disorders: acute toxic psychosis, panic attacks, flashbacks, delusions depersonalization, hallucinations, paranoia, depression and uncontrollable feelings of aggression. 1
After marijuana smoking, increased aggressive behavior has been reported in inner-city males. 2
Marijuana has triggered attacks of mental illness: schizophrenia and bi-polar (manic-depressive) psychosis. Users are six times more likely to develop schizophrenia than non-users. 3
Marijuana use is associated with the development of Amotivational >Syndrome. 4 (apathy, alienation, indifference)
The relationship of impairments and symptoms to marijuana use often becomes evident only when the user is persuaded to stop, shows improvement in mood and behavior, and describes a feeling of 'coming out of a fog'. 5
Marijuana impairs memory and learning. Memory defects may persist six weeks after last use. 6
Page 3) Mental disorders caused by marijuana (cannabis) listed in the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (SDM IV 5/94) by the American Psychiatric Association as follows: Cannabis Abuse; Cannabis Dependence; Cannabis Intoxication (impaired judgement and motor coordination, anxiety, sensation of slowed time, social with-withdrawal - often includes perceptual disturbances); Cannabis Intoxication Delirium (memory deficit and disorientation); Cannabis Induced Psychotic Disorder (hallucinations and delusions); Cannabis Induced Anxiety Disorder; Cannabis-Related Disorders.
Marijuana causes both dependence and addiction. Addictive use is defined by compulsive, repeated use in spite of adverse consequences. 7
In many states, more people are admitted into treatment for marijuana addiction than heroin addiction. 8
A delayed withdrawal syndrome occurs of anxiety, sleep and appetite disturbances, irritability, depression, tremors, nausea, and restlessness. 9
Marijuana impairs coordination, perception, and judgement and is the >cause of many accidents. A study of 1023 trauma victims revealed:
Page 4 34.7% had used marijuana and 33.5% had used alcohol. 10 This is similar to a 36.8% incidence of marijuana use reported in fatally injured drivers in California. 11
A study of 182 fatal truck accidents found that 12.8% of the drivers had used marijuana: 12.5% alcohol: 8.5% cocaine: 7.9% stimulants. 12
A roadside study reckless drivers not impaired by alcohol showed that 45% tested positive for marijuana. 13
The effects of marijuana, which is fat-soluble, persist much longer than the effects of alcohol, which is water-soluble. Using a computerized flight simulator, an experiment on pilots showed that their ability to land a plane was still impaired 24 hours after smoking one marijuana cigarette. 14
EFFECTS ON REPRODUCTION
Eggs are present in female ovaries from birth and are vulnerable to >damage at any time.
Marijuana use during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight babies. 15 There is evidence these infants will show intellectual impairment a decade or more later. 16 Children prenatally exposed to marijuana have more behavioral problems and decreased visual perception, attention span, language comprehension, memory. 17
Page 5) Babies born to mothers who smoked marijuana during pregnancy had an eleven-fold increase in nonlymphoblastic leukemia. 18
Marijuana reduces the level of the male hormone, testosterone. It >reduces the quality and quantity of sperm production.
Marijuana disrupts hormone cycles. 19 Marijuana is mutagenic, fetotoxic, and impairs RNA and DNA synthesis. 20
There have been cases of cancer reported in young marijuana smokers, including cancer of the mouth, tongue, larynx, jaw, head, neck and lungs. 22
A breakthrough report (Science 10/17/96) proves that benzopyrene in >tobacco smoke causes genetic damage in lung cells and causes cancer. >Benzopyrene concentration is higher in marijuana smoke than tobacco >smoke. The technique of smoking marijuana (deep prolonged inhalation) >increases the exposure to this potent carcinogen.
Page 6) EFFECTS ON THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
Marijuana impairs the white blood cells which fight infection. 23 Marijuana causes decreased resistance to diseases such as herpes. 24 Marijuana smokers have increased outpatient visits for accident, Rrespiratory diseases and other illnesses. 25
The use of marijuana tends to lead to the use of other drugs: of those who use marijuana 3 to 10 times, 20% go on to use cocaine; of those who use marijuana 100 more times, 75% go on to use cocaine. 26
Non-marijuana users virtually never become cocaine users. When marijuana was decriminalized in Alaska, youth's use of both marijuana and cocaine became the highest in the nation. The National Survey of High School seniors showed that whereas 17% of seniors had used marijuana in the past month, the Alaskan rate was 45%. Alaskans then sensibly recriminalized marijuana use in 1990.
MARIJUANA IS NOT A MEDICINE
To protect the public from scams, our laws require that medical drugs be >proven safe and effective; ingredients and dosage must be properly >labeled.
Smoking marijuana transforms its 483 chemicals into thousands, including >pollutants and carcinogens. Many of these remain in body fat stores for >weeks.
Page 7) The FDA has approved the pure pharmaceutical THC (the major mind-altering component in marijuana) as an anti-nausea drug in cancer patients who fail to respond to other drugs and as an appetite stimulant in patients with AIDS Wasting Syndrome. The FDA has not approved the crude marijuana plant as medicine. Marijuana has not been shown to be safe or effective as medicine, but it is being promoted as such by the powerful marijuana lobby in an effort to legalize the drug.
THE COCAINE EPIDEMIC
Dr. H. Kleber points to the marijuana epidemic in the '70's as a major cause of the cocaine epidemic. Misinformation published by certain members of the medical profession downplayed the harmful effects of drugs. It had long been known that cocaine was addictive, 27 yet Lester Grinspoon and J.B. Bakalar 28 issued authoritative statements which foster the myth that cocaine was safe and contributed to the increase of its use. 29 "Believing the drug was safe, millions of people tried cocaine, and cocaine abuse exploded." 30 Grinspoon and Bakalar promote both marijuana as medicine 31 and the legalization of drugs. 32 This receives intense media publicity, and it is no wonder >that the use of marijuana in children is once again on the rise.
P.O. or prepaid - includes postage: 100/$25 500/$115 100/$200* Published by Committees of Correspondence, Inc. 24 Adams Street, Danvers, MA 01923 508-774-5626 fax 508-774-2641 *Can be ordered with your organization's name.
Page 8) ENDNOTES 1) Schwartz RH Ped Clinics of N. Am 34:305-317 '87 2) Cherek D et al Psychopharm 111:163-168 '93 3) Andreasson S et al Lancet 2:1483-1485 1987 4) Schwartz RH op cit 5) Jaffe JH Drug Dependence in:Kaplan HI Saddock BJ eds Comp Textbook of Psychiatry 5th ed Baltimore Williams & Wilkins 1989 6) Schwartz $ et al A J Dis Child 143:1214-19 '89 7) Gold MS Marijuana NY:Plenum Med Bk p227 '89 8) Office of Nat Drug Control Policy Pulse Check 1994 9) Gold MS op cit p.103 10) Soderstrom CA et al Arch Surg 123:733-37 1988 11) Williams AF Public Health Report 100:19-25 1985 12) Natl Trans Safety Board Report DOT 2/5/90 13) Brookoff D et al NE J Med 331:518-522 1994 14) Leirer VOAvia Space Environ Med. 62:221-227 '91 15) Zuckerman B et al NE J. Med. 320:762-768 1989 16) Shalala D Say No to Leg of Marij Wall St J 8/18/95 17) Fried PA Life Sciences 56:21589-2157 1995 18) Robison LL et al Cancer 63: 1904-1910 1989 19) Gold MS op cit p 69-71 20) Nahas G et al Med J Austr 156:495-497 21) Tashkin DP West J.Med. 158:635-637 1993 22) Donald P. Otolaryn Head&Neck Surg 94:517-21 '86 Ferguson RP et all JAMA 261 41-42 1989 Taylor FM Southern Med J 81:1213-1216 1988 Donald PJ Adv Exp Med Biology 288:33-46 1991 23) Spector S Lancz G Ad Exp Med Biol 288:45-56 '91 Djeu J et al Adv Exp Med Biology 288:57-62 1991 Watzl B et al Adv Exp Med Biology 288:63-70 '91 Cabral G et al R. Adv Exp Med Bio 288:92-105 '91 24) Cabral G Proc Soc Exp Bio Med 182:181-86 1986 25) Polen MR et al West J Med 158:596-601 1993 26) Kleber HD J Clinical Psych 49:2 (Suppl) p3-6 '88 27) Noyes AP, Kolb LC, Modern Clinical Psychiatry 5th ed Phil. WB Saunders Co. 1958 28) Grinspoon L, Bakalar JB Drug Dependence in: Kaplin HI Freedman AM, Saddock BJ, eds Comp. Textbook of Psychiatry 3rd ed, Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins 1980 29) Kleeber HD op cit 30) Gawin F. Ellinwood E. NEJ Med 318:1173-82 '88 31) Grinspoon L, Bakalar J, Marijuana the Forbidden Medicine, New Haven CT, Yale Univ Press 1993 32) Ginspoon L, Bakalar J, NEJ MedJ 330:357-60 '94
Revised January 1997
Janet D. Lapey, M.D. Medical Advisor
International Drug Strategy Institute Concerned Citizens for Drug Prevention
******************************** Distributed by: Debby Moore, Founder Kansas Environmentalists for Commerce in Hemp Kansas State Lobbyists Freedom Fighter August 1994 2742 E. 2nd Wichita, KS, 67214 (316) 681-1743 http://www.feist.com/~hemplady firstname.lastname@example.org
Thu, 24 Apr 1997 17:43:25 -0700 (PDT) To: email@example.com, <firstname.lastname@example.org>, RKampia@mpp.org, email@example.com (Kevin Zeese), firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, ChuckThomas@mpp.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Eric E. Sterling" <email@example.com> Subject: Comm of Corresp. distributes Janet Lapey anti-marijuana leaflet with DEA logo
Debby Moore sent the attached memo describing Janet Lapey's analysis of the harmfulness of marijuana distributed by the Committees of Correspondence in Danvers, MA. She reports that the publication carries DEA's logo.
I am forwarding this to John Morgan and Lynn Zimmer with the suggestion that in addition to the distribution of their much anticipated book, a leaflet that directly rebuts claims such as those of Dr. Lapey's could also be prepared and distributed to movement activists, parents, PTAs, etc.
Regarding Debby's impression that the paper comes from the DEA, it might interest you to know that 18 U.S.C. section 709 makes it a misdemeanor carrying a penalty of up to one year's imprisonment and with individual fines of up to $100,000 and corporate fines of up to $200,000 (18 U.S.C. 3571) for:
"A person who, except with the written permission of the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, knowingly uses the words 'Drug Enforcement Administration' or the initials 'DEA' or any colorable imitation of such words or initials in connections with any advertisement, circular, book, pamphlet, software or other publication, play, motion picture, broadcast, telecast, or other production, in a manner reasonably calculated to convey the impression that such advertisement, circular, book, pamphlet, software or other publication, play, motion picture, broadcast, telecast, or other production is approved, endorsed, or authorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration: shall be punished", etc.
Presumably the DEA would typically be the one's to complain to the U.S. Attorney to seek a prosecution, but certainly a citizen has the power to complain to the U.S. Attorney about what might appear to be a misrepresentation that a document as a DEA document.
Yours, Eric Sterling
Eric E. Sterling <firstname.lastname@example.org> President, The Criminal Justice Policy Foundation 1899 L Street, NW, Suite 500 Washington, DC 20036-3804 Tel. 202-835-9075 Fax 202-833-8561
Date: Wed, 23 Apr 1997 22:41:45 -0500 From: Debby Moore <email@example.com>